We present two methods for constructing a theory of change, you can start with the one you have the most affinity with. The first method, described below, may give the impression that a theory of change proceeds in a linear fashion. Nothing could be further from the truth! But a model often has to compromise on completeness in order to remain clear and manageable.
You best learn how to draw up a theory of change by doing it. We recommend getting started as soon as possible. The steps to be followed are described below the figure.
STEP 1: Create a clear picture of the desired impact based on the impact question
STEP 2: Translate this impact picture into long, medium and short term effects.
STEP 3: Map out the context and challenges.
STEP 4: Determine the interventions that will be carried out to obtain the effects, and what outputs are being pursued. List the means by which this will be achieved (inputs).
STEP 5: Express the active ingredients of the interventions.
STEP 6: Determine the assumptions and preconditions.
STEP 7: Write a narrative impact story