We already explained that there are three basic financial documents. The ‘mother’ document is the balance sheet, which we discussed in part 1.
Two documents are derived from the balance sheet :
The P&L statement we discussed in part 2, where we discovered that changes to the internal equity are explained in the Profit & Loss statement.
Now we will continue with the cash-flow statement. Changes in the amount of c ash on the balance sheet will be explained in the cash-flow statement. When writing a financial plan you will be asked to give an insight into your cash flow. Because, even if you have a good business plan, you have to pay the bills! And the cash flow statement will show if you have enough ‘cash’ to pay the bills when they show up.
In this part you find a definition of cashflow, as well as how to calculate it. In order to explain it, we need to introduce a few financial concepts like working capital and non-cash costs. Finally, you will learn why profit isn’t the same as cash, and how you can go bankrupt despite having a profitable business.